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Isabella Price (1830 – 1920)

Isabella Price (1830 – 1920) Consumptive Hospital Matron

Isabella Price is an example of one of the many Christian women whose contribution to NSW society and to the ministry of the Christian Church  has gone unrecorded and unacknowledged. Her work was largely unrecognised in her own day and what recognition  was given to her area of service was overshadowed by others.

The Consumptive Home, Thirlmere

The Consumptive Home, Thirlmere

Isabella Price was the matron of the Goodlet Consumptive Home from its opening in September 1877 until July 1894. This Home was a private charity set up, funded  and run by the Scottish born  Sydney merchant, manufacturer, philanthropist and churchman John Hay Goodlet. John and Ann Goodlet began the Home in a leased former hotel at Picton in September of 1877 and it could cater for 18 patients. Both males and females were admitted and the only requirement for admission was that the persons were  poor and consumptive. Such was the demand for places in the Goodlet Home that in 1884 the Goodlets began to plan a purpose built facility at Thirlmere which could cater for 40 patients again at no cost to those admitted. It was opened in September 1886. The construction cost of the home was fully met by the generosity of the Goodlets. They did not spare any expenditure on either the construction of the Home or in its recurrent costs and they even paid for the burials of the many who died there. In the period 1877 to 1893 when the Goodlets ran the hospital some 940 patients were admitted with 233 patients dying within the facility.

It was of this facility that Isabella Price was the matron. Little is known of Isabella Price other than that her work was highly esteemed by the Goodlets and the patients. Isabella was born in 1830 in Barrackpore, Calcutta India to Andrew and Elizabeth Marr (nee Peters). Her father was the Park Superintendent at Barrackpore and died before she was one and her mother died when she was seven. Her mother must have had a difficult life, being first married in 1821 (Daniel Desmond) and again in 1824 (George Dougherty) and then to Isabella’s father in 1825. On the death of Andrew Marr in 1831 she then married  again in 1832 (John Gash) and she herself died in 1838. When Isabella was 14 she and her step sister were orphaned through her step father’s death in 1844[1]. It is unknown what happen to Isabella but her step sister was consigned to the European Female Orphans Asylum  where she died two years later. Thus at the age of 16 Isabella was left with no family.

Isabella was trained at the Calcutta Normal School (CNS) and was its first graduate. The CNS was an institution set up in 1852[2] largely for the purposes of training Eurasian  (Anglo-Indian) women as teachers but it also trained Europeans as well for work in the Zenanas. The Eurasian women were discriminated against but they had some special qualifications which the CNS sought to enlist. They were

country born, the climate was natural to them; they could stand its heat as English immigrants were not likely to do. Surrounded by Hindus – although alas! despising them very much, and being alike despised – they were, however, at least familiar with the sound of the vernaculars, and it was thought that they would soon become masters of it. [3]

As the  enrolments of CNS were mostly of Eurasian women and as Isabella was its first graduate, it is possible that she was Eurasian but this is far from certain and other evidence points to her being European[4]. The course enrolled about ten students per year and was three years in duration which would mean that, probably around 1855, at the age of 25 Isabella began to work for the Free Church Zenana Mission in Calcutta. The life of a nineteenth century Indian woman, especially if they were from a high-caste Hindu or Muslim family, was hard. Young girls were married off in childhood and then became the property of their husbands. They were confined to the women’s quarters of their husband’s family, called ‘zenanas’. They received neither education nor adequate medical care, since all physicians were men and thus unable to enter the zenanas.  The work of the Free Church Zenana Mission was to send missionary teachers, such as Isabella, into these closed enclaves and to give to the Indian women vernacular and English education so as to enable them to question the validity of heathen belief and social practices. Where possible the teachers also shared the teachings of the Bible. When she  began the work Isabella had replaced a Miss Toogood, a teacher from the Calcutta Normal School,[5] as assistant to Mrs John Fordyce the wife of the founder of the Mission. Isabella’s work in the zenanas was highly esteemed as

 Misses Toogood and Marr are held in loving remembrance by those who knew them, and their names should have a place in any history of the Zanana Mission. ….. Miss Marr, like Miss Toogood, was remarkably well qualified for such a service, pious, prudent, courteous, loving. Their enthusiasm about their zananas was beautiful.[6]

During the Sepoy Mutiny  of 1857-1858 Isabella  was shut up in the Agra fort with many Europeans. It was during this time that she probably met and then later  married John Christopher Price.[7] It would appear that she, after her husband’s death in Calcutta, travelled to Queensland in the early 1870’s and, came to NSW around 1877.[8] It is at this time that she was employed by the Goodlets[9] to look after the residents of their home. She served in the home as Matron from 1877 until 1894 and was dedicated to  looking after the residents. Her task was not merely that of management and nursing but the Goodlet’s intended her to have a spiritual ministry. The advertisement that she answered placed by the Goodlets, unlike other advertisements for positions at the Hospital required her to be a member of an ‘evangelical church’.[10]

Nursing those with consumption was not a task which would have commended itself to many given the stigma and fear attached to the disease. Perhaps Isabella as a widow and if she were Eurasian had little other opportunity to support herself but given her background and previous Christian dedication to the work of the Zenana Mission it would seem that her work was also a labour of love. It  was a task that she undertook at what her contemporaries would have regarded as considerable risk to her own health as not only did she spend long hours devoted to the patients care but the Consumptive Home was her home. In this she was copying, albeit probably from necessity of her personal circumstances, the Goodlets themselves who had their country residence, known as Harmony, built near the Home. She was constantly surrounded by sickness and death and in her time she had to deal with over 230 deaths which must have been a difficult task in itself. She was, however, highly regarded as she

 seems to be regarded as one of those ministering angels whose function is to relieve by their presence, and their goodness of heart, the pain and anguish which wring the brow of the sick and the unfortunate. She is up at all hours of the night, and sometimes all night, watching beside the bedside of a man or woman over whom death is fast obtaining its inexorable mastery.[11]

In 1893 the Goodlets, due to the economic depression of the 1890’s were no longer able to maintain the Home and it became a public charity. Isabella remained at the Home for  one year after the Goodlets relinquished control. She then went and lived with them at Canterbury House in 1894 where she most probably nursed Mrs Goodlet whose health had begun the decline which led to her death in 1903. Such was Goodlet’s regard for Isabella that she remained at Canterbury House even after Goodlet remarried in 1904 whereas at this time other long time co-residents, such as the Rev Joseph Copeland and family, left. Isabella remained at Canterbury House until John Goodlet’s death in 1914.  That she went to live with the Goodlets, and did so for so long, tells us how much her service was valued by the Goodlets and that they felt a responsibility towards this widow who had served their charity so well. After John died she took up residence in Ashfield  and she herself died in 1920 and was buried in an unmarked grave in Rookwood cemetery[12].

At the death of both Ann and John Goodlet rightly much was made of their dedication to the cause of the poor consumptive. At Isabella’s death there appears to have been no public recognition of her contribution to the welfare of the poor consumptives of the colony. Her contribution, though unnoted and subsequently forgotten, was considerable.

© Dr Paul F Cooper, August 2014

The appropriate way to cite this article is as follows:

Paul F Cooper. Isabella Price (1830 – 1920) Consumptive Hospital Matron. Philanthropy and Philanthropists in Australian Colonial History, August 28, 2014.  Available at

[1] Her stepfather probably died in Minapore 9 May 1844.

[2] It opened on 23 February 1852 (sometimes recorded as 1 March 1852)  under the supervision of the Suter sisters.  Missionary Register Vol 41 ,127.

[3] H. Lloyd Hindu Women (London: Nisbet, 1882) 55.

[4] Isabella Marr was a graduate of the CNS and not a teacher and this is consistent with her perhaps being Eurasian however her step sister clearly was not as she died in the European Female Orphanage which required both parents of orphans to be European “Rules of the European Orphan Asylum” 1.2  in C. Lushington The History Design and Present State of  the Religious , Benevolent and Charitable Institutions bound by the British in Calcutta (Calcutta, Hindostanee Press, 1824) lxxvii . While it is possible Isabella was Eurasian it is on balance more likely she was European.

[5] Henry Verner Hampton  Biographic Studies in Modern Indian Education ( Books for Libraries Press, Freeport, NY 1970)  p117; Geoffrey A. Oddie Imagined Hinduism: British Protestant missionary constructions of Hinduism 1793-1900 (Sage, New Delhi, 2006) 293. These works designate Miss Toogood as a Eurasian but when Dr Duff reported on her employment to teach in a high caste girls school in order to counter native prejudice against a native teacher she is designated a European. Proceedings and Debates in General Assembly Free Church of Scotland, 1860 (Edinburgh:Nicol, 1860) 18. G. Smith The Life of Dr Alexander Duff  361 describes her as ‘a European governess who knew Bengalee perfectly’. As Miss Toogood was a teacher at the CNS it is more likely she was European. These accounts being closer to the event and the circumstances surrounding Miss Toogood’s appointment to the Duff School favour his designation of her racial background. Isabella Marr was a graduate of the CNS and not a teacher and this is consistent with her perhaps being Eurasian, however, her step sister clearly was not as she died in the European Female Orphanage which required both parents of orphans to be European.

[6] George Smith Twelve Pioneer Missionaries (Thomas Nelson, 1900) 83.

[7] 13 February 1858.

[8] It is unknown when Isabella’s husband died. It would appear from her death notice that he died in Calcutta. SMH, July 27,1920.

[9] SMH, September 8,  1877.

[10] See SMH, June 13, 1878 for a comparison.

[11] Telegraph, August 26, 1893.

[12]  Isabella Price of 3 Central Road died in Ashfield in 26 July 1920. Her death was reported by a non relative AE Seward who was probably Annie Eliza Seward daughter of William and Ann Seward friends of the Goodlets. SMH, 27 July 1920.

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